Creativity, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Pierre Bourdieu, Phillip McIntyre

Beth Hennessy and Teresa Amabile have argued that “only by using multiple lenses simultaneously, looking
across levels, and thinking about creativity systematically, will we be able to unlock and use its secrets. What we
need now are all encompassing systems theories of creativity designed to tie together and make sense of the
diversity of perspectives found in the literature – from the innermost neurological level to the outermost cultural
level” (Hennessy & Amabile, 2010, p.590). Furthermore, arguing for psychologists to incorporate a sociological
focus to their work, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi has stated that “we need to abandon the Ptolemaic view of creativity,
in which the person is at the centre of everything, for a more Copernican model in which the person is part of a
system of mutual influences and information” (in Sternberg, 1988, p.336).

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