48. Pressure Ulcer Prevention
Each student will select a NURSING care issue related to the focus of the clinical unit. All work is to be done independently for this assignment. Correct APA format (6th ed.) and professional writing are expected.
Instructions for PAPER (points are listed on the Rubric):
1. Select a topic from the list provided or you may suggest a different topic. Email clinical instructor with your selection of topic by Monday of Week 2 by 12:45p. Topic will be confirmed by reply email.
2. Search the library databases and resources for current evidence (preferably systematic reviews and meta-analyses no older than 2008) and clinical guidelines.
Students must also submit the paper to Turnitin, each clinical instructor will provide their clinical group with a class number and password to access Turnitin.
Students must use Grammarly to appropriately review grammar within the students? papers. Students must attach the printout from Grammarly?, after reviewing the results and making corrections.
3. Paper is to consist of (APA format):
Place in upper 1/3 of page
Abstract (written AFTER paper is completed)
Succinct summary of issue, evidence, and best practices
120 word minimum ? 200 word maximum
Body/text of the paper needs to be a full 5-8 pages in Times New Roman font size 12 discussing the following areas:
Introduction -a thorough presentation of the topic and description of its relevance to nursing. Statistics about prevalence of the problem are appropriate here and must be cited correctly. The last statement of the introduction should include concepts to be discussed in the paper.
Integration of the Evidence ? this section should identify concepts as organizers to discuss the evidence in each paragraph. For example, a person writing about NPO status in the pre-op period might consider the concepts of hunger, fluid volume deficit, and risk for aspiration. These concepts should be discussed in separate paragraphs, supported by results (evidence) form multiple resources/authors related to each concept. This format allows you to more fully demonstrate critical thinking ability and use the ideas and evidence of multiple authors in a single paragraph about a single concept. This will demonstrate integration and analysis that is not evident in an article summary. Do NOT include areas such as sample size or location unless it affects the results and causes limited generalization (if so, statement included as to why this article is included). For example, a study performed with only 15 clients in N. Korea might have limited application (generalizability) to your clinical unit. Either omit this study or justify its use based on author statements.
Best Practices ? gleaned from the evidence based literature (research articles or clinical guidelines). These are specific nursing recommendations from those resources related to practice concerning the concepts identified in the Integration of Evidence section.
Conclusion ? a summary of evidence and best practices with statements to connect ideas into a coherent whole.
Reference Page ? includes the BEST and at least 4 current (2014-present) evidence-based professional journal articles and clinical guidelines. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are required to be used.
ELEMENTS OF PAPER
ACCOMPLISHED PROFICIENT NEEDS IMPROVEMENT
Abstract (3 points)
Succinct summary of issue, evidence, and best practices. 120 word minimum and 200 word maximum.
General summary of issue, evidence, and best practices. Adheres to word minimum and maximum.
Issues, evidence, and best practices not identified. Less than 120, or greater than 200 words used.
Introduction (4 points)
A thorough presentation of the topic and description of its relevance to nursing. Statistics reported regarding prevalence of the problem. The last statement includes concepts to be discussed in the paper.
Adequate presentation of the topic and touches on relevance to nursing. Minimal identification of the concepts to be discussed. Statistics addressed regarding the topic.
Lacking discernible introduction to the topic, with no statistics supporting topic. No clear concepts identified to be discussed in paper.
Integration of Evidence (30 points)
Presents specific and relevant evidence from the literature in support of the concepts. Demonstrates integration and analysis of multiple authors, under each concept identified. Is descriptive, thorough, and critical when reviewing the evidence.
Generally supports the evidence from the literature with some integration and analysis from multiple authors. Occasionally reports information that is not relevant to the concepts analyzed.
Presents little evidence or evidence that does not support concepts identified from the literature. Little or no integration of evidence, and/or does an Article summary.
N408 Evidenced Based Paper Rubric
Best Practices (24.5 points) Clearly discusses application of evidence to nursing practice. Demonstrates a well-developed understanding of specific nursing practices related to the concepts identified in the Integration of Evidence section. Provides a general superficial description of nursing best practices, relevant to the concepts. Adequately developed best practices. Presenting best practices not identified in the Integration of Evidence section, and not relevant to the topic. Minimal identification of best nursing practices supporting the concepts.
Conclusion (3 points) Clearly and effectively summarizes evidence and best practices with statements to connect ideas into a coherent whole. General summary of evidence and best practices. Lacking discernible conclusion. New ideas presented not drawn from evidence from the literature. Repetitive sentences from other areas of the paper.
Professional Writing (12 points)
Uses professional, non-conversational language, no casual or vague terms, uses appropriate tense, no run-on sentences or fragments, appropriate paragraphing structure, correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Ideas are well thought out and organized. Paper adheres to some professional language and generally follows expectations of writing style, but not all of the previous mentioned rules of professional writing. Writing style is generally focused. Paper does not adhere to most of the previous mentioned writing style and grammar expectations. Writing style is unclear.
Format (1.5 points) Title page, spacing, margins, headers and font adhere to APA 6th ed. format. Title page, spacing, margins, headers, and font generally adhere to APA 6th. ed. Title page, spacing, margins, headers, and font do not adhere to APA 6th ed.
Reference List (2 points) Properly formatted Reference List for all sources cited. Properly formatted Reference List for most sources cited. Improperly formatted Reference List.
Citations in Text (5 points) Properly and consistently cites quotations and paraphrases according to APA 6th ed. No more than 4 quotes used. Generally cites quotations and paraphrases according to APA 6th ed. Sources are not documented consistently according to APA 6th ed.
Point reduction if following are missing or late Grammarly, Turnitin, articles
Total Points Possible: 85 points
APA Format and Professional Writing
? See Student Handbook and syllabus
? Presenting the words or ideas of another person as your own
? Intentional: purposeful use
? Accidental: copying from your preparation notes/article and forgetting to use proper citation and/or quotation marks
? Both intentional and accidental plagiarisms are serious issues and will be dealt with according to policy.
? Self-plagiarism: students are required to submit original work for all courses. Papers
and written work submitted for one course may not be used for an assignment
in another course. Duplicated work is considered self-plagiarism (academic misconduct).
? To avoid plagiarism, either paraphrase (see below) and cite properly, or quote (with quotation marks) and cite properly.
? Every year at MCCN, students are brought before Academic and Professional Misconduct Committee for alleged acts of plagiarism with serious consequences. DON?T DO IT!
? Use quotation marks around the words copied.
? Quotations should be no more than a sentence or two. Lengthy quotations are not advisable. However, it you decide to use a lengthy quotation, use the proper block quotation format when applicable (see APA format).
? Avoid excessive quotations. Areas quoted should be reserved for wording that would significantly change the meaning of the idea if paraphrased. Quotations should support your main idea, not replace it. No more than 4 quotes per paper.
? Do NOT copy more than 4 sequential words from sources without quotation marks and proper citations
? Take the idea presented in the sentence and say it in your own words.
? If you are ONLY changing a word or two in each phrase, this would be better as a quotation (see above). To paraphrase, you must retain the author?s idea but state it in your own words. This is very important.
? A proper citation is still needed even though you have stated the information in your own words. The idea expressed still belongs to the author.
? Paraphrased areas need proper citation for each source used. This is to be placed at the end of the paragraph or the discussion within the paragraph, whichever comes first. There is no need to cite each sentence if the ideas contained in all sentences in the paragraph come from the same source. If ideas in a paragraph originated from multiple sources, citations must be placed at the end of the authors? ideas. It MUST be clear in your writing which ideas originated with which authors.
? Titles for each section are required for the EBP paper (see p. 42 of APA manual.)
? Level 1 Headings to be used (see p. 62 of APA manual).
o Integration of Evidence
o Best Practices
? You may use Level 2 Headings for sub-concepts within the Integration of Evidence and Best Practices section (see p. 62 of APA manual).
? Make sure that the content under each heading truly reflects that area. While you are to write an Introduction, note the instructions regarding omitting this as a heading.
? If the author makes a statement in the article/text but cites yet another author, this is a secondary source. Do not include secondary source materials in your paper unless you cite them as APA format mandates (p. 178). This is a very important issue and one that causes problems for many students. Be sure you understand this process and cite accordingly. List the original author followed by the reference to the paper you read as in the example below:
Jones (as cited in Smith, 2016) reported…
This indicates that you read the article by Smith, but are giving credit to Jones as the owner of the ideas (as did Smith).
NOTE: Do NOT quote with secondary source citations. Paraphrase only.
Professionalism in Writing
? Professional writing includes proper written English grammar, punctuation, spelling (including apostrophe use), sentence structure, and paragraphing.
? Casual terms (e.g., really, big, pretty, hard, a lot, like, huge, contractions, and many others including slang terms) are not appropriate in professional writing.
? Do not pose questions in your writing. Instead, make statements.
? Do NOT evaluate each article or source separately. Students are to present and discuss concepts related to the general paper topic using supporting information from each of the articles as appropriate. Article summaries are NOTacceptable, 15 pts will be immediately deducted from the Integration of Evidence section if you do an Article summary.
? Substantial depth and development of concepts is required, rather than a surface coverage of the topic.
? Dictionary definitions are not appropriate for a scholarly paper. If you wish to define an unfamiliar concept, please use professional nursing literature as your sources.
Use the nurse to describe the nursing professional delivering care.
Use THIRD PERSON pronouns (he/she, they) when appropriate. Make sure it is clear which person is referred to by each pronoun. Is he the nurse or the patient?
When writing about authors, use last names or the authors. Articles do not state, authors report or note. Use past tense for verbs in this area, as the authors are not stating today (article was written in the past).
Incorrect: The article by Johnson (2017) states?..
Correct: Johnson (2017) noted (reported)?.
In addition, do not use: Research shows, Evidence shows, or Other studies show?. These are vague terms not worthy of a scholarly paper. Attribute evidence and conclusions to specific authors.