In the file upload is three threads numbered 1,2,and 3 write a reply to each thread as the following order describes using the the text books listed plus the Bible.mywsb. (firstname.lastname@example.org password 73@Egyptpike) The books are “What is Biblical Theology” by James Hamilton it will be found under theology. The second book is” According to Plan” by Goldsworthy it will be found under preaching and the third book is Biblical Theology by Michael Lawrence use Bible scripture where necessary it is one of the sources required. Their must be at least one Biblical source and one text for each thread. no more than 175 words per reply.
Replies discussion #3
As the thread prompt notes, there are certain patterns that are established by people in the Old Testament to highlight in an imperfect way one of the perfect aspects of the nature and character of Jesus Christ. Moses was a type of Christ, in that he was a deliverer of his people. In the book of Exodus, God sends Moses as his representative to the people. He, like Christ is a mediator between God and men (see 1 Timothy 2:5). Moses is the one to see God (His back, not His face, as God passes by) for the sake of the people. Moses stands in the gap for the people, and actually tells God if He is going to wipe out the people, due to His holy indignation, that He should blot out his name (see Exodus 32:32). Moses goes to the Pharaoh, like Jesus went to the devil, to free the slaves (Isaiah 61 is a prophecy about Christ setting captives free).
Being only a type of Christ, Moses represented these characteristics of Christ powerfully, but not perfectly. Moses was a murderer and Christ was sinless (Hebrews 4:15). Moses was so terrified to speak to a crowd that God allowed him to take his brother to be the spokesman and priest. Christ was spokesman, deliverer and priest. God used Moses in an amazing way. For a flawed human being, he was incredibly righteous but not perfect. The types highlight certain attributes of God but only as a shadow and not perfectly.
In our textbooks some of the most interesting illustrations and learnings has been typology. This is a concept I personally, prior to this, was unfamiliar with. It has opened up my eyes to so many things specifically in the Old Testament and made it so much more intriguing to read. This new lenses is one propelling my own studies. When I look to the Old Testament one of the most obvious and glaring types of Christ to me is Adam. Adam being the original man, sinless, and perfect is the literal first type of Christ since he was created perfect as was Christ. We see this in Romans 5:14 “Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.”
It is obvious in this illusion made by Paul that he views Adam as a type of Christ. He made the mold of not sinning that would be also seen in the messiah. This obviously became fulfilled in the person of Jesus Christ of Nazareth.
Another verse in 1 Corinthians 15:45 says “So it is written: ‘The first man Adam became a living being’ ; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.” In this verse we see again, Paul,. identifying Christ as the “last Adam” relating them as a start and a finish. That Adam created man, and Jesus fulfills his destiny in giving his life to save man.
We also see Jesus identify himself many times as the “Son of Man” or huios anthropos. Jesus was constantly referring to himself in the line of Adam to show how connected he was to this type in the Old Testament that many Jewish people would relate and identify with.
There are many that believe there are patterns in the Bible that can be linked together. Some of these people take it to the extreme that every little detail is a type of foreshadowing of what is to come. I have chosen Jonah as my type. Matthew 12:39 states “But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet.” Jonah was in the belly of the whale for three days and after the three days were up Jonah miraculously raised out of the belly. After that Jonah went on to Nineveh and preached to the Ninevites.
Jesus, after three days lying in His tomb, was raised and lead many to believe in Him. Also, Jonah referred to the belly of the whale as “Sheol”, or in other words “the land of the dead.” What makes this interesting is Sheol is also known as Hades in the New Testament, and we are all aware that Jesus took a trip to Hades and took up all the believers with Him to Heaven.
Now, with all of this being said, Jonah may have done as God had asked. However, it took him forever to get to Nineveh and preach to the Ninevites. Jesus went where ever He was needed and He never ran from anything. Also, Jesus knew what his fate was with the cross, Hades, and the tomb and He still pressed on with no worries. Jonah on the other hand tried to run as far as he could to try and not go to Nineveh. He put numerous lives in danger, including the men on the ship and the Ninevites themselves. It took God intervening for Jonah to go to Nineveh and deliver the message.