Gender criticism

106. Gender criticism

From the perspective of Gender criticism, how do you think we should evaluate the novels of Austen and James? Refer to Sense and Sensibility, Emma, Portrait of a Lady and Washington Square in your answer.
Consider the following points:
1) What are the main interests of Gender criticism?
2) Should Austen and James be viewed as conservative moralists or as writers promoting very modern ideas?
3) Is Austen’s primary focus on her male or female characters?
4) Are James’ heroines unhappy failures or victors?

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