Leadership Studies

AdvWk 84-ORMAL response and reflection
The 4-ORMAL Response & Reflection is a method for assimilating and synthesizing your text through responding to readings, lectures, and personal experiences that require the student to synthesize the leadership theory on many different levels. You will write your first 4-ORMAL using the chapters from Northouse you have read or viewed thus. In constructing your 4-ORMAL, you will use the four sections below to organize the paper
1. Summary: Summarize the assigned book chapters concisely in 800-1000 words (total, not per chapter). Demonstrate that you fully understand the reading by providing a clear and straight-forward summary. The summary is not a commentary or listing of topics, but rather an abbreviated synopsis of the book. Cite the book in your papers (at least one per paragraph) and include page numbers for direct quotations.
2. Concrete Responses: In at least 350 words, write about a personal leadership episode or experience that this book triggered in your memory. Relate your story in first person, describing action and quoting exact words you remember hearing or saying.
3. Reflection: What new questions about leadership arise as a consequence of reviewing the text? Challenge the author by asking better questions than he/she did. Begin with questions like, “What troubles me about this book?” Discuss the positives and negatives about the book.
4. Action: What are you going to do about it? Develop action steps based on core points of the book. This section must be a description of how main ideas will affect your understanding of leadership and your own leadership development. Provide what professional changes you will implement. Be precise in summarizing your action steps.
The paper must adhere to APA standards including a Title Page and a References page.
Please note: Your grade on the 4-ORMAL Review depends on the manner in which you address each of these four dimensions in response to your readings. Each review must be double-spaced and adhere to the lengths as noted above (not including the title page and References page). Use quotes strategically and sparingly.

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